Irrigation is the introduction of water into the soil in order to increase the fertility of cultivated plants. Agriculture needs development, and in many cases, its existence depends directly on irrigation control systems. The practice of irrigation, conducted properly and in proper conditions, has always been a cause of good yields and the rapid growth and development of crops.
Irrigation problems are mainly in finding water, carrying it out to the place of use and allocation in the fields in certain quantities and at certain intervals. Irrigation is one of the elements of the transition from extensive agriculture to intensive farming, an element that cannot be replaced by the use of other technologies: mineral fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides, saltines, mechanization, etc.
Irrigation turns the "desert into the garden," but if it is used improperly (environmental conditions, methods of introduction, quantity and quality are not taken into account) and is not consistent with other types of interference, then expect horrible consequences. Common concepts and practices are relatively simple, but when we talk about rain, localized and immersed installations can be quite complicated in comparison to other modern mechanized irrigation methods. Installing irrigation systems involves capital investment (equipment for local irrigation, consumables, etc.), and, on the other hand, leads to an increase in revenues.
Irrigation allows primary producers:
- to lengthen the growing season (or in starting the season at an earlier time)
- to have 'insurance' against seasonal variability and drought
- to maximise benefits of fertilizer applications. Fertilisers need to be 'watered into' the ground in order to best facilitate plant growth
- to use areas that would otherwise be 'less productive.' Irrigation can allow farmers to open up areas of their farms where it would otherwise be 'too dry' to grow pasture/crops. This also gives them the capability to carry more stock or to conserve more feed
- to improve the capital value of their property. Since irrigated land can potentially support higher crops, pasture and animal production, it is considered more valuable. The value of the property is also related to the water licensing agreements or 'water right.'
- to cost save/obtain greater returns. The cost benefits from the more effective use of fertilizers and greater financial benefits as a result of more effective agricultural productivity (both quality and quantity) and for 'out of season' production are likely
There are many new approaches to saving water and crop irrigation. To save you money and resources, Agro Flow System offers a soil moisture sensor DSM-12, which will provide not only measuring and constant moisture control but also will be useful for irrigation managing.